Ninth Edition CoverGraziano & Raulin
Research Methods (9th edition)

Reference List
(Journal Articles)

By far the most common reference in a research article is to another article in a research journal.

Details of Format

The format for referencing an article from a journal is to list (1) the author(s), last name first, (2) the year the paper was published, listed in parentheses, (3) the title of the article, (4) the journal title, (5) the volume of the journal, and (6) the pages of the article. The journal title and the volume number are italicized, but nothing else in the reference should be italicized.  

Note that only the first letter of the first word in the title is capitalized, but that all major words in the journal title are capitalized. If there is more than one article by the same authors in the same year, the articles are differentiated by adding a letter to the publication year (e.g., 1994a, 1994b).


Garb, H. N. (1994). Toward a second generation of statistical prediction rules in psychodiagnosis and personality assessment. Computers in Human Behavior, 10, 377-394.

Bixler, R. D., Carlisle, C. L., Hammitt, W. E., & Floyd, M. F. (1994). Observed fears and discomforts among urban students on field trips to wildland areas. Journal of Environmental Education, 26, 24-33