Ninth Edition CoverGraziano & Raulin
Research Methods (9th edition)

Reference List
(Conference Presentations)

Presentations at conferences are increasingly popular ways of getting new research into the public domain quickly. 

There are three primary types of conference presentations: papers, posters, and symposia. Papers are presented orally to an audience by the author, while posters are presented in summary form on bulletin boards and reviewed by people who walk by during the session. A symposium is an organized collection of papers on a single topic. You can reference the entire symposium or just one of the papers in the symposium.

Details of Format

The format for referencing a conference presentation is to list (1) the author(s), (2) the date (including month) of the conference presentation, (3) the title of the presentation, and (4) the conference and the location of the conference. If you are referencing a single paper in a symposium, you should list the chair(s) of the symposium and the title of the symposium after the title of the paper. The title of the presentation should be italicized for a paper or poster, and the title of the symposium should be italicized for reference to either an entire symposium or a single paper from a symposium.


Raulin, M. L. (1998, February). Making a party of 400 seem intimate: Using an e-mail discussion network in introductory psychology. Paper presented at the Eastern Psychological Association Convention, Boston.

Bartholow, B. D., Sher, K. J., Strathman, A. (1998, May). Examining private self-consciousness as a moderator of expectancy effects for drinking. Poster session presented at the American Psychological Society Convention, Washington, DC.

Evan, I. A. (Chair) (1998, November). Preserving childhood in child behavior therapy: Illustrations from New Zealand. Symposium conducted at the Association for the Advancement of Behavior Therapy Convention, Washington, DC.

Tolin, D. F., O'Donohue, W. T., Lilienfeld, S. O., Lohr, J. M. (1998, November). The pseudoscience of power therapy: Impact on scientific behavior therapy. In J. M. Lohr (Chair), The Challenge of power therapy: Implications for behavior therapy. Symposium conducted at the Association for the Advancement of Behavior Therapy Convention, Washington, DC.