## Presenting Statistics

in the Results Section

Statistics are reported in the text of the results section by
describing the differences found, followed by a comma, followed by
the supporting statistic. In each case, the degrees of freedom for
the statistic should be included in parentheses immediately after
the letter designating the statistics. The value of the statistic is
then given, followed by the *p* for the statistic. All
single-letter statistical symbols should be italicized in the text.
Examples of several statistics are presented below.

### Reporting *t*-tests

Boys were found to be significantly more aggressive than girls in
the playground situation, *t*(28) = 2.33, *p* < 0.05.

### Reporting ANOVAs

There was a significant difference in performance between the three
distraction conditions,

*F*(2, 27) = 3.69,

*p* < 0.05.

### Reporting chi-squares

Psychology majors were significantly more likely to classify
themselves as "humanistic" than were engineering majors,

*X*^{2}(1,

*N*=60) = 4.47,

*p* < 0.05.